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> Oxford Conference February 2010, click here for information

74,000 years ago, a large section of the Indonesian island of Sumatra exploded in one of the biggest volcanic eruptions of the past 2 million years. The global environmental impact of the ash and gas clouds from this ‘super-volcano’ – known as Toba – is considered by some scientists to be the most catastrophic event the human species has ever endured.

But did we face extinction? What happened to the world’s climate? And how did Toba shape human evolution? This website describes the work of an international team of researchers investigating these questions. Using archaeology, genetics, geology, volcanology and climate modeling, this team is unraveling for the first time the full fascinating story behind the Toba super-eruption.

> READ MORE ABOUT THE PROJECT

 

© 2009 M.Haslam & M.D.Petraglia, University of Oxford